Date: approx. 155-130 BCE
Medium: Silver
Place of Origin: Northern Afghanistan | former kingdom of Bactria | Pakistan | former kingdom of Gandhara
Credit Line: Acquisition made possible in part by the Society for Asian Art
Label: Greek inscriptions, royal portraits, and images of Greek deities such as Athena were standard features on coins issued by the Indo-Greek rulers of Central Asia and northern Afghanistan during the centuries just before the Common Era. Many Indo-Greek coins contained translations of the Greek into a local script and language on their reverse sides, indicating the great cultural diversity in this area of the ancient world. 
The combination on coins of royal portraiture and divine imagery-a powerful statement of divinely sanctioned rule-was used for many centuries in Central and South Asia. On coins of the Kushan dynasty, images of the Iranian goddess Ardoksho and the Indian god Shiva reflect the expansion of the Kushans into former Iranian realms as well as into northern India. The Gupta dynasty, which later ruled northern India, issued many coins depicting on one side the goddess Lakshmi, who is associated with royal fortune. The portrait sides of Gupta coins contain several innovations. An early example showing the dynasty’s founder together with his queen proclaims the power and legitimacy he gained through a strategic marriage alliance. 

 

(Source: defterisk)

The Dream of Queen Maya, Kushan period, 1st century a.d.Pakistan (ancient region of Gandhara, probably Takht-i-Bahi)
This scene depicts the Buddha’s miraculous conception. The Buddha’s  mother, Maya, lies sleeping on her right side. Female attendants  surround her, including a guard who stands at the head of her bed  holding a large sword. Above her is a circle that once contained an  image of the Buddha-to-be in the form of a divine white elephant,  descending from a heavenly abode to enter her womb. Maya is dreaming  that this is taking place.
This relief comes from an area of ancient Pakistan known as Gandhara,  which was reached by Alexander the Great in 329–326 B.C. and later  ruled by the Kushans in the first through third centuries. The Kushans  had extensive trade contact with Rome and the artistic influence that  came with these contacts can be seen in the Mediterranean-inspired robes  worn by Maya and her attendants.
Source:  Dream  of Queen Maya, The [Pakistan (ancient region of Gandhara, probably  Takht-i-Bahi)] (1976.402) | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The  Metropolitan Museum of Art

The Dream of Queen Maya, Kushan period, 1st century a.d.
Pakistan (ancient region of Gandhara, probably Takht-i-Bahi)

This scene depicts the Buddha’s miraculous conception. The Buddha’s mother, Maya, lies sleeping on her right side. Female attendants surround her, including a guard who stands at the head of her bed holding a large sword. Above her is a circle that once contained an image of the Buddha-to-be in the form of a divine white elephant, descending from a heavenly abode to enter her womb. Maya is dreaming that this is taking place.

This relief comes from an area of ancient Pakistan known as Gandhara, which was reached by Alexander the Great in 329–326 B.C. and later ruled by the Kushans in the first through third centuries. The Kushans had extensive trade contact with Rome and the artistic influence that came with these contacts can be seen in the Mediterranean-inspired robes worn by Maya and her attendants.


Source: Dream of Queen Maya, The [Pakistan (ancient region of Gandhara, probably Takht-i-Bahi)] (1976.402) | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art